Cape Cod’s water resources: Cape Cod Commission website on Water Resources. Visit:

Economic value of the blue economy:

Cape Cod Chamber of Commerce website on economic value of Cape Cod’s tourism industry. Visit:

Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, Urban Harbors Institute, and Cape Cod Commercial Fishermen’s Alliance, 2021. Port by Port: Profiles and Analysis of the Massachusetts Commercial Fishery. Posted at: Hyperlink: “Port by Port: Profiles and Analysis of the Massachusetts Commercial Fishery”

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Cape Cod Water Resources Restoration Project, Why It Matters to Massachusetts Economy. Find here:



Estuaries: NOAA

Watersheds: Cape Cod Commission watershed reports. Posted at Click on an individual watershed to get the report for that watershed.

Nutrient pollution:

Cape Cod Commission. 2015. Cape Cod Areawide 208 Water Quality Management Plan. Posted at:

Massachusetts Estuaries Project. See state website at:

Massachusetts Estuaries Project, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and Technology (SMAST) website at:

Cape Cod Commission, Ponds and Lakes website at:

Beach water quality monitoring: Barnstable County webpage on bathing beach water quality at

Shellfish water quality monitoring: Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries webpage on shellfish sanitation and management, at:

Cyanobacteria monitoring:

Association to Preserve Cape Cod, Cyanobacteria monitoring program webpage at:

Leland, N.J., J.F. Haney, K. Conte, K. Malkus-Benjamin and B. Horsley. 2019. Evaluation of size structure in freshwater cyanobacteria populations: methods to quantify risk associated with changes in biomass and Microcystin concentrations. Journal of Water Research and Protection, 2019, 11, 810-829. Hyperlink: Leland, Haney, Conte, Malkus-Benjamin and Horseley, 2019

Leland, N.J., R. A. Landon, and J.F. Haney. September 2020. Trophic interactions between anadromous juvenile Alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and cyanobacterial populations in a shallow mesotrophic pond. Natural Resources, 2020, 11, 394-419. Hyperlink: Leland, Landon, and Haney, 2020

Leland, N.J. and Haney, J.F., 2018. Alternative Methods for Analysis of Cyanobacterial Populations in Drinking Water Supplies: Fluorometric and Toxicological Applications Using Phycocyanin. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 740-761. Hyperlink:

Leland and Haney, 2018

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2017, updated 2021. Cyanobacteria Monitoring Collaborative Program (CMC). 2017. Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for the Cyanobacteria Monitoring Collaborative Program. Rev: 0, April 26, 2017: Posted at: . Hyperlink: CMC 2017

Mercury in ponds and lakes:

Emerging contaminants and pharmaceutical compounds in Cape Cod’s waters:

Silent Spring Institute website at

Center for Coastal Studies webpage on pharmaceuticals in marine waters, at:



EPA website on PFAS, at:

Massachusetts website on PFAS, at:

MassDEP PFAS Drinking Water Regulation Quick Reference Guide

PFAS Primer, on APCC’s State of the Waters: Cape Cod website.

Buzzards Bay Eutrophic Index for evaluating coastal eutrophication:

Costa, J. E., B. L. Howes, A. Giblin, and I. Valiela. 1992. Monitoring Nitrogen and indicators of nitrogen to support management action in Buzzards Bay, p. 497-529. In McKenzie et al.(eds) Ecological Indicators, Elsevier, London.

Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program webpage on the Buzzards Bay Eutrophic Index, at

Gunn, E., D.S. Janik and J.E. Costa. 1994. Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) for the Buzzards Bay Project.

Buzzards Bay Coalition website on Bay Health Index, at:

Center for Coastal Studies website on water quality monitoring program, at:

Carlson Trophic Index for evaluating freshwater ponds and lakes:

Carlson, R.E. 1977. A trophic state index for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography Vol. 22, pp. 361-369. Posted at:

Carlson, R.E. and J. Simpson. 1996. A Coordinator’s Guide to Volunteer Lake Monitoring Methods. North American Lake Management Society. 96 pp. Posted at:

Grading drinking water: Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). 2003. What’s on Tap: Grading Drinking Water in U.S. Cities. Posted at:

Pond water quality: Cape Cod Commission, Freshwater Initiative website at: