Cape Cod’s water resources:
Cape Cod Commission website on Water Resources. Posted at:
The Cape Cod Rivers Observatory, an initiative of the Woods Hole Research Center.

Economic value of the blue economy:
Cape Cod Chamber of Commerce website on economic value of Cape Cod’s tourism industry, at:

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Cape Cod Water Resources Restoration Project, Why It Matters to Massachusetts Economy,

Cape Cod’s economy is a blue economy based on water


Estuaries: NOAA

Cape Cod Commission watershed reports. Posted at: Click on an individual watershed to get the report for that watershed.

Nutrient pollution:
Cape Cod Commission. 2015. Cape Cod Areawide 208 Water Quality Management Plan. Posted at:

Massachusetts Estuaries Project. See state website at: and

Massachusetts Estuaries Project. See University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and Technology (SMAST) website at:

Cape Cod Commission, Ponds and Lakes website at:

Beach water quality monitoring:
Barnstable County webpage on bathing beach water quality at

Shellfish water quality monitoring:
Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries webpage on shellfish sanitation and management, at:

Cyanobacteria monitoring on Cape Cod:
Association to Preserve Cape Cod, Cyanobacteria monitoring program webpage at:

Mercury in ponds and lakes:;-White-And-Mill-Ponds-In-Harwich-Impacted-Health-Environment.htm

Emerging contaminants and pharmaceutical compounds in Cape Cod’s waters:
Silent Spring Institute website at

Center for Coastal Studies webpage on pharmaceuticals in marine waters, at:


PFAS (Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances) in Recreationally Caught Fish – Guidance on how to minimize exposure to PFAS in local fish:

EPA website on PFAS, at:

Massachusetts website on PFAS, at:

Buzzards Bay Eutrophic Index for evaluating coastal eutrophication:
Costa, J. E., B. L. Howes, A. Giblin, and I. Valiela. 1992. Monitoring Nitrogen and indicators of nitrogen to support management action in Buzzards Bay, p. 497-529. In McKenzie et al.(eds) Ecological Indicators, Elsevier, London.

Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program webpage on the Buzzards Bay Eutrophic Index, at

Gunn, E., D.S. Janik and J.E. Costa. 1994. Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) for the Buzzards Bay Project.

Buzzards Bay Coalition website on Bay Health Index, at:

Center for Coastal Studies website on water quality monitoring program, at:

Carlson Trophic Index for evaluating freshwater ponds and lakes:
Carlson, R.E. and J. Simpson. 1996. A Coordinator’s Guide to Volunteer Lake Monitoring Methods. North American Lake Management Society. 96 pp. Posted at:

Carlson, R.E. 1977. A trophic state index for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography Vol. 22, pp. 361-369. Posted at:

Grading drinking water:
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). 2003. What’s on Tap: Grading Drinking Water in U.S. Cities. Posted at:

Pond water quality (PALS Program):
Cape Cod Commission website on the PALS program, at:

State of the Waters: Cape Cod Water Health Reports 2019, 2020, 2021